General information about Acne:
When the surface of the skin or pores gets clogged due to dirt, inflammatory cells, bacteria and debris, acne occurs. This blockage is also known as a comedone or plug. If the top of the plug or comedone is white then it is called a whitehead. If the top is dark then it is called a blackhead. But, if the inflammation is deep – rooted, the acne just might enlarge to form painful cysts which are firm and hard by nature. Acne is caused by inflammation and swelling and not bacteria. This skin condition is generally found on face, arms, buttocks, legs and trunk of the body. Acne is most commonly found in teenagers. But, adults, infants and children are also liable to suffer from it. Sometimes, hormonal changes that occur within the body may cause the oil content within the skin to increase. At times, this increase in oil causes acne to erupt.
Acne is generally categorized as a hereditary skin complication. An outburst of acne generally occurs as a result of:
• Hormonal changes related to pregnancy, birth control pills, menstrual periods and stress.
• Certain hair products or cosmetic ranges that are oily or greasy by nature.
• Increased levels of humidity and sweating.
Symptoms of Acne:
There are numerous reasons for acne formation and some of them have been mentioned below:
• Blackheads or Comedones (they are dark and tiny spots caused by a small plug in the opening of a follicle or pore).
• Crusting of skin bumps
• Papules (small red bumps)
• Cysts (they are a closed pocket or pouch of tissue which could be filled with fluids, air, pus or other materials).
• Redness around the areas of skin eruption
• Pustules (they are pus – filled, inflamed, blister – like lesions found on the surface of the skin).
• Scarring of the skin
• Whiteheads (they are white, raised bumps that are formed due to the collection of skin and oil within the pores).
The dermatologist will (almost all of the while) be able to diagnose your acne problem just by looking at your skin. So, 99.9% you will not be required to undergo any tests.
Treatment of Acne:
There are some very effective methods that will help you take care of your acne trouble in the right way. In case you are still unable to do a good job on your own, seek the help of the dermatologist or your healthcare professional.
• Keep your skin clean – wash it a minimum of twice a day with the help of a non – drying soap, such as CeraVe, Neutrogena, Dove or Cetaphil.
• Before and after you have washed your face, make sure that you have removed all traces of make – up and dirt.
• Try and remember to wash your face with soap (and not only water) after you have finished exercising.
• If you have an oily scalp, use a mild shampoo and wash your hair everyday.
• Comb your hair back. This will keep it away from your face and prevent irritation due to the acne.
If you are suffering with Acne:
• Refrain from rubbing, scratching, picking or squeezing your acne.
• You must not wear caps, hats or tight headbands.
• Avoid letting your hands touch your face.
• Try not to apply creams and cosmetics that have a greasy base.
Medications that you can use:
After you have consulted the dermatologist or your healthcare professional, begin taking only those medications that they have prescribed for your case.
• Renova – Retin – A
• Metro gel